Most sensors face a common tradeoff between high sensitivity and large dynamic range. We demonstrate here an all-fiber refractometer based on a dual cavity Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI), which possesses the advantage of both high sensitivity and large dynamic range. Since the two composite cavities have a large cavity length difference, one can observe both fine and coarse fringes, which correspond to the long cavity and short cavity, respectively. The short cavity FPI and the use of an intensity demodulation method, mean that the individual fine fringe dips correspond to a series of quasi-continuous highly sensitive zones for refractive index measurement. By calculating the parameters of the composite FPI, we find that the range of the ultra-sensitive zones can be considerably adjusted to suite the end requirements. The experimental trends are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions. The co-existence of high sensitivity and large dynamic range in a composite FPI is of great significance to practical RI measurements.
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- fiber optics sensors
- microstructure fabrication
- Fabry-Perot resonators
- all-optical devices