Fabricating dual-phase hollow-fiber membranes via a one-step thermal processing (OSTP) approach is challenging, because of complex sintering kinetics and the subsequent impacts on membrane morphology, phase stability, and permeation properties. In this study, we have demonstrated that Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-δ-SrCo0.9Nb0.1O3-δ (SDC-SCN) four-channel hollow fiber membrane can be manufactured via a single high-temperature sintering process, by using metal oxides and carbonates directly as membrane materials (sources of metal ions). It has been found that use of a low ramping rate reduces grain sizes, increases grain and forming cobalt oxide nanoparticles, a key step to promoting surface exchange process followed by enhancing oxygen permeation. While the grain boundary interface region can be limited to approximately 20–30 nm. At 1173 K oxygen permeation of the SDC-SCN four-channel hollow fiber membrane was measured at approximately 1.2 mL cm−2·min−1 using helium as the sweep gas. Meanwhile, the dual-phase membrane shows a good tolerance to carbon dioxide, with the oxygen permeation flux fully recovered after long-term exposure to carbon dioxide (more than 100 h). This will enable further application of the OSTP approach for preparing dual-phase multi-channel hollow fiber membranes for applications of oxyfuel combustion, catalytic membrane reactors and carbon dioxide capture.
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- Dual-phase membrane
- Multi-channel hollow fiber
- One-step thermal processing
- Sintering kinetics