Hope in the Middle East: malleability beliefs, hope, and the willingness to compromise for peace

Smadar Cohen-Chen, Eran Halperin, Richard Crisp, James Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The importance of hope has long been asserted in the field of conflict resolution. However, little is actually known about either how to induce hope or what effects hope has on conciliatory attitudes. In the current research, we tested whether (1) hope is based upon beliefs regarding conflict malleability and (2) hope predicts support for concessions for peace. Study 1, a correlational study conducted among Israeli Jews, revealed that malleability beliefs regarding conflicts in general are associated with hope regarding the Israeli–Palestinian conflict as well as with support for concessions. In Study 2, we established causality using an experimental manipulation of beliefs regarding conflicts being malleable (vs. fixed). Findings have both theoretical and practical implications regarding inducing hope in intractable conflicts, thus promoting the attitudes so critical for peacemaking.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Issue number1
Early online date22 Apr 2013
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2014

Bibliographical note

© Sage 2013. The final publication is available via Sage at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1948550613484499


  • hope
  • implicit theories
  • emotions in conflict
  • intergroup conflict


Dive into the research topics of 'Hope in the Middle East: malleability beliefs, hope, and the willingness to compromise for peace'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this