Recent experimental studies have shown that development towards adult performance levels in configural processing in object recognition is delayed through middle childhood. Whilst partchanges to animal and artefact stimuli are processed with similar to adult levels of accuracy from 7 years of age, relative size changes to stimuli result in a significant decrease in relative performance for participants aged between 7 and 10. Two sets of computational experiments were run using the JIM3 artificial neural network with adult and 'immature' versions to simulate these results. One set progressively decreased the number of neurons involved in the representation of view-independent metric relations within multi-geon objects. A second set of computational experiments involved decreasing the number of neurons that represent view-dependent (nonrelational) object attributes in JIM3's Surface Map. The simulation results which show the best qualitative match to empirical data occurred when artificial neurons representing metric-precision relations were entirely eliminated. These results therefore provide further evidence for the late development of relational processing in object recognition and suggest that children in middle childhood may recognise objects without forming structural description representations.
|Title of host publication||AISB 2014 : 50th annual convention of the AISB|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||50th annual convention of the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour - London, United Kingdom|
Duration: 1 Apr 2014 → 4 Apr 2014
|Other||50th annual convention of the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour|
|Period||1/04/14 → 4/04/14|