A label-free immunosensor platform based on excessively tilted fiber gratings (Ex- TFGs) was developed for highly specific and fast detection of human N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), which is considered a powerful biomarker for prognosis and risk stratification of heart failure (HF). High-purity anti-NT-proBNP monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) prepared in our laboratory were immobilized on fiber surface through the staphylococcal protein A (SPA) method for subsequent specific binding of the targeted NTproBNP. Utilizing fiber optic grating demodulation system (FOGDS), immunoassays were carried out in vitro by monitoring the resonance wavelength shift of Ex-TFG biosensor with immobilized anti-NT-proBNP MAbs. Lowest detectable concentration of ~0.5ng/mL for NTproBNP was obtained, and average sensitivity for NT-proBNP at a concentration range of 0~1.0 ng/mL was approximately 45.967 pm/(ng/mL). Several human serum samples were assessed by the proposed Ex-TFG biomarker sensor, with high specificity for NT-proBNP, indicating potential application in early diagnosing patients with acute HF symptoms.
Bibliographical note© 2016 Optical Society of America
- biological sensing and sensors
- fiber optics sensors
- medical optics and biotechnology