### Abstract

We investigate the linear but ill-posed inverse problem of determining a multi-dimensional space-dependent heat source in the parabolic heat equation from Cauchy boundary data. This model is important in practical applications where the distribution of internal sources is to be monitored and controlled with care and accuracy from non-invasive and non-intrusive boundary measurements only. The mathematical formulation ensures that a solution of the inverse problem is unique but the existence and stability are still issues to be dealt with. Even if a solution exists it is not stable with respect to small noise in the measured boundary data hence the inverse problem is still ill-posed. The Landweber method is developed in order to restore stability through iterative regularization. Furthermore, the conjugate gradient method is also developed in order to speed up the convergence. An alternating direction explicit finite-difference method is employed for discretising the well-posed problems resulting from these iterative procedures. Numerical results in two-dimensions are illustrated and discussed.

Original language | English |
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Number of pages | 26 |

Journal | Applied Mathematical Modelling |

Volume | In press |

Early online date | 21 Sep 2017 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | E-pub ahead of print - 21 Sep 2017 |

### Bibliographical note

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

### Keywords

- Heat equation
- inverse source problem
- iterative regularization

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## Cite this

Hussein, M. S., Lesnic, D., Johansson, B. T., & Hazanee, A. (2017). Identification of a multi-dimensional space-dependent heat source from boundary data.

*Applied Mathematical Modelling*,*In press*. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2017.09.029