As take up of low carbon vehicles increase, there is interest in using the energy stored in the vehicles to help maintain system frequency through ancillary services on the electricity grid system. Research into this area is generally classed as vehicle-to-grid research. In theory, the energy available from electric vehicles could be directly correlated to the vehicle's state of charge (SoC) and battery capacity during the time the car is parked and plugged in. However, not all the energy in the vehicle may be used, as some capacity is required by the driver for their next journey. As such, this paper uses data captured as part of a large scale electric vehicle trial to investigate the effect of three different types of driver routine on vehicle-to-grid availability. Each driver's behaviour is analysed to assess the energy that is available for STOR, with follow on journey requirements also considered.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings : 2014 49th international Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC)|
|Place of Publication||Piscataway, NJ (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||49th international Universities Power Engineering Conference - Cluj-Napoca, Romania|
Duration: 2 Sept 2014 → 5 Sept 2014
|Conference||49th international Universities Power Engineering Conference|
|Period||2/09/14 → 5/09/14|
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- ancillary services
- electric vehicles
- frequency response
- operating reserve
- vehicle-to-grid introduction