Impact of driver behaviour on availability of electric vehicle stored energy for STOR

Luke Morgan*, Dani Strickland, Laurence Chittock

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputConference publication


As take up of low carbon vehicles increase, there is interest in using the energy stored in the vehicles to help maintain system frequency through ancillary services on the electricity grid system. Research into this area is generally classed as vehicle-to-grid research. In theory, the energy available from electric vehicles could be directly correlated to the vehicle's state of charge (SoC) and battery capacity during the time the car is parked and plugged in. However, not all the energy in the vehicle may be used, as some capacity is required by the driver for their next journey. As such, this paper uses data captured as part of a large scale electric vehicle trial to investigate the effect of three different types of driver routine on vehicle-to-grid availability. Each driver's behaviour is analysed to assess the energy that is available for STOR, with follow on journey requirements also considered.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings : 2014 49th international Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC)
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ (US)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-6557-1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event49th international Universities Power Engineering Conference - Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Duration: 2 Sept 20145 Sept 2014


Conference49th international Universities Power Engineering Conference
Abbreviated titleUPEC2014

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  • ancillary services
  • electric vehicles
  • frequency response
  • operating reserve
  • vehicle-to-grid introduction


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