Improvement on refractive index sensing by exploiting the tapered two-mode fibers

Fang Fang, Bing Sun, Zuxing Zhang, Jing Xu, Lin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The spectral characteristics and sensitivities of a tapered two-mode fiber sandwiched between two single-mode fibers are systematically investigated. Theoretical calculations reveal that a dispersion turning point (DTP) appears when the group effective refractive index (RI) difference between the fundamental mode and the higher-order mode equals zero; as a result, ultrahigh RI sensitivities can be achieved. Furthermore, the location of the DTP is strongly dependent on the tapering condition. Then, we experimentally demonstrate high sensitivities of the RI sensor with the waist diameter of ~4 μm by means of immersing it in a flow cell filled with glycerol solution. In further tracking of the resonant wavelength shift around the DTP, it is found that the proposed RI sensor exhibits a sensitivity of 1.81 × 104 nm/RIU and a limit of detection down up to 3.29 × 10 5 RIU in a liquid glycerol solution.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110604
JournalChinese Optics Letters
Volume17
Issue number11
Early online date12 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Refractive index
refractivity
fibers
Fibers
sensitivity
glycerols
Glycerol
sensors
Sensors
Single mode fibers
tapering
Wavelength
shift
Liquids
liquids
cells
wavelengths

Bibliographical note

Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61505119), the National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents (No. BX201600077), the Brain Gain Foundation of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (No. NY215040), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M611877), and the Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province (No. GD201706).

Cite this

Fang, Fang ; Sun, Bing ; Zhang, Zuxing ; Xu, Jing ; Zhang, Lin. / Improvement on refractive index sensing by exploiting the tapered two-mode fibers. In: Chinese Optics Letters. 2019 ; Vol. 17, No. 11.
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Improvement on refractive index sensing by exploiting the tapered two-mode fibers. / Fang, Fang; Sun, Bing; Zhang, Zuxing; Xu, Jing; Zhang, Lin.

In: Chinese Optics Letters, Vol. 17, No. 11, 110604, 01.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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