Improving collective redress in Europe: implementing the Representative Actions Directive

Rhonson Salim, Duncan Fairgrieve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article analyses some of the main features of the Representative Actions Directive and discusses their implications for existing collective redress procedures in selected European countries—Poland and France. The article argues that concerns remain as to whether the mechanism envisaged under the Directive will achieve its policy objectives. The article contends that whilst the Directive may challenge the existing framework of collective redress in some Member States, the legislative revision process may offer opportunities for those states. The article ends with a reflection on what the Directive means for England and Wales and its own domestic procedures. It concludes that policy makers need to rethink the current English approach and adopt a more ambitious collective redress model, particularly in the consumer sphere. The article argues for a new consumer mechanism, in the vein of the competition sector, which would bring improved policy and procedural harmonisation for the benefit of English consumers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-70
Number of pages18
JournalCivil Justice Quarterly
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Civil Justice Quarterly following peer review. Duncan Fairgrieve, Rhonson Salim, The definitive published version Improving collective redress in Europe: implementing the Representative Actions Directive, Civil Justice Quarterly, C.J.Q. 2023, 42(1), 52-70 is available online on Westlaw UK.
Minor changes were made in copy-edit stage which are reflected in version of record available here:


  • Collective proceedings; Consumer protection; EU law; France; Poland; Representative actions


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