At the level of fundamental research, fibre lasers provide convenient and reproducible experimental settings for the study of a variety of nonlinear dynamical processes, while at the applied research level, pulses with different and optimised features – e.g., in terms of pulse duration, temporal and/or spectral shape, energy, repetition rate and emission bandwidth – are sought with the general constraint of developing efficient cavity architectures.
In this work, we review our recent progress on the realisation of pulse shaping in passively- mode-locked fibre lasers by inclusion of an amplitude and phase spectral filter into the laser cavity. We present a fibre laser design in which pulse shaping occurs through filtering of a spectrally nonlinearly broadened pulse in the cavity. This strategy of pulse shaping is illustrated through the numerical demonstration of the laser operation in different pulse-generation regimes, including parabolic, flattop and triangular waveform generations, depending on the amplitude profile of the in-cavity spectral filter . As an application of this general approach, we show that the use of an in-cavity flat-top spectral filter makes it possible to directly generate sinc-shaped Nyquist pulses of high quality and of a widely tunable bandwidth from the laser . We also report on a recently-developed versatile erbium-doped fibre laser, in which conventional soliton, dispersion-managed soliton (stretched-pulse) and dissipative soliton mode-locking regimes can be selectively and reliably targeted by programming different group-velocity dispersion profiles and bandwidths on an in-cavity programmable filter .
Further, we report on our recent results on the passive mode locking of a Raman fibre laser by a recently predicted new type of parametric instability – the dissipative Faraday instability , where spatially periodic zig-zag modulation of spectrally dependent losses can lead to pattern formation in the temporal domain. High-order harmonic mode locking is achieved in a very simple experimental configuration, with the laser cavity including an optical fibre and two chirped fibre Bragg gratings, and no additional mode-locking elements. The results not only open up new possibilities for the design of mode-locked lasers, but extend beyond fibre optics to other fields of physics and engineering.
 S. Boscolo, C. Finot, H. Karakuzu, P. Petropoulos, “Pulse shaping in mode-locked fiber laser by in-cavity spectral filter,” Opt. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 438–441, 2014.
 S. Boscolo, C. Finot, S. K. Turitsyn, “Bandwidth programmable optical Nyquist pulse generation in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 7, 7802008(8), 2015.
 J. Peng, S. Boscolo, “Filter-based dispersion-managed versatile ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep., 2016, In press.
 A. M. Perego, N. Tarasov, D. V. Churkin, S. K. Turitsyn, K. Staliunas, “Pattern generation by dissipative parametric instability,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 116, 028701, 2016.
|Conference||25th Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS 2016)|
|Abbreviated title||LPHYS 2016|
|Period||10/07/16 → 15/07/16|
Book of Abstracts of the 25th Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS 2016), Article number: S8.4.1