Incorporating a gender dimension in food allergy research: A review

A. DunnGalvin*, J. O.B. Hourihane, L. Frewer, R. C. Knibb, J. N.G. Oude Elberink, I. Klinge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Sex and gender are the major determinants of health and disease in both men and women. The aim of this review paper was to examine differences in gender and sex in relation to the prevalence and effects of food allergy. There are still major gaps in our knowledge about the kinds of processes which shape men's and women's perceptions and experiences of food allergy. The expression and experience of health and illness may be moderated by variables such as biological vulnerability, exposure to health risks, perception of symptoms, evaluation of risk, information processing and role expectations. This review highlights the complex links between biological sex, gender, and health in general and offers a synthesis of how these may interact to produce sex and gender differences in biopsychosocial manifestations of food allergy. Implications for research and public health practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1336-1343
Number of pages8
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2006


  • Biopsychosocial determinants
  • Food allergy
  • Gender
  • Research gaps
  • Sex


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