Incorporating Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) practices into the planning context: the conceptual case for lot-scale developments

R.T.S. Nunes, J.H.A. Prodanoff, B. Nunes, M.A.V. Freitas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference publication

Abstract

In recent decades, a number of sustainable strategies and polices have been created to protect and preserve our water environments from the impacts of growing communities. The Australian approach, Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD), defined as the integration of urban planning and design with the urban water cycle management, has made considerable advances on design guidelines since 2000. WSUD stormwater management systems (e.g. wetlands, bioretentions, porous pavement etc), also known as Best Management Practices (BMPs) or Low Impact Development (LID), are slowly gaining popularity across Australia, the USA and Europe. There have also been significant improvements in how to model the performance of the WSUD technologies (e.g. MUSIC software). However, the implementation issues of these WSUD practices are mainly related to ongoing institutional capacity. Some of the key problems are associated with a limited awareness of urban planners and designers; in general, they have very little knowledge of these systems and their benefits to the urban environments. At the same time, hydrological engineers should have a better understanding of building codes and master plans. The land use regulations are equally as important as the physical site conditions for determining opportunities and constraints for implementing WSUD techniques. There is a need for procedures that can make a better linkage between urban planners and WSUD engineering practices. Thus, this paper aims to present the development of a general framework for incorporating WSUD technologies into the site planning process. The study was applied to lot-scale in the Melbourne region, Australia. Results show the potential space available for fitting WSUD elements, according to building requirements and different types of housing densities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainability today
EditorsC.A. Brebbia
Place of PublicationSouthampton (UK)
PublisherWIT Press
Pages341-352
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-84564-653-0
ISBN (Print)978-1-84564-652-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NameWIT transactions on ecology and the environment
PublisherWIT Press
Volume167
ISSN (Electronic)1743-3541

Bibliographical note

Additional research papers submitted for a meeting on sustainable development and planning organised in 2011 by the Wessex Institute of Technology (WIT).

Keywords

  • Australia
  • Lot-scale
  • procedures
  • urban planning and design
  • Water Sensitive Urban design
  • WSUD technologies

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