Increased expression of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in murine myotubes by proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF) is associated with activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa B

A.S. Whitehouse, Michael J. Tisdale*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF), isolated from a cachexia-inducing murine tumour, has been shown to stimulate protein breakdown in C 2C12 myotubes. The effect was attenuated by the specific proteasome inhibitor lactacystin and there was an elevation of proteasome 'chymotrypsin-like' enzyme activity and expression of 205 proteasome α-subunits at concentrations of PIF between 2 and 16 nM. Higher concentrations of PIF had no effect. The action of PIF was attenuated by eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (50 μM). At a concentration of 4 nM, PIF induced a transient decrease in IκBα levels after 30 min incubation, while no effect was seen at 20 nM PIF. The level of IκBα, an NF-κB inhibitory protein, returned to normal after 60 min. Depletion of IκBα from the cytosol was not seen in myotubes pretreated with EPA, suggesting that the NF-κB/IκB complex was stabilised. At concentrations between 2 and 8 nM, PIF stimulated an increased nuclear migration of NF-κB, which was not seen in myotubes pretreated with EPA. The PIF-induced increase in chymotrypsin-like enzyme activity was also attenuated by the NF-κB inhibitor peptide SN50, suggesting that NF-κB may be involved in the PIF-induced increase in proteasome expression. The results further suggest that EPA may attenuate protein degradation induced by PIF, at least partly, by preventing NF-κB accumulation in the nucleus. © 2003 Cancer Research UK.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1116-1122
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2003

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Keywords

  • cachexia
  • EPA
  • NF-κB
  • proteasome expression
  • protein catabolism
  • proteolysis-inducing factor

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