Increasing the electrolyte capacity of alkaline Zn-air fuel cells by scavenging zincate with Ca(OH)2

Aaron L. Zhu*, Darek Duch, Gregory A. Roberts, Sasha X.X. Li, Haijiang Wang, Konrad Duch, Eunjoo Bae, Kwang S. Jung, David Wilkinson, Sergei A. Kulinich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The use of calcium hydroxide for scavenging zincate species is demonstrated to be a highly effective approach for increasing the electrolyte capacity and improving the performance of the zinc-air fuel cell system. A fundamental approach is established in this study to quantify the formation of calcium zincate as the product of scavenging and the amount of water compensation necessary for optimal performance. The good agreement between predicted and experimental results proves the validity of the proposed theoretical approach. By applying the results of theoretical predictions, both the electrolyte capacity and the cell longevity have been increased by more than 40%. It is also found that, using Ca(OH)<inf>2</inf> to scavenge zincate species in concentrated KOH solutions, affects mostly the removal of zincate, rather than ZnO, from the electrolyte, whereas the presence of excess, free, mobile H<inf>2</inf>O plays a key role in dissolving ZnO and forming zincate. The results obtained in this study demonstrate that the proposed approach can widely and effectively be applied to all zinc-air cell systems during their discharge cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-142
Number of pages9
JournalChemElectroChem
Volume2
Issue number1
Early online date4 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2015

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Zhu, A. L., Duch, D., Roberts, G. A., Li, S. X. X., Wang, H., Duch, K., ... Kulinich, S. A. (2015). Increasing the electrolyte capacity of alkaline Zn-air fuel cells by scavenging zincate with Ca(OH)2. ChemElectroChem, 2(1), 134-142, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/celc.201402251. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Keywords

  • calcium hydroxide
  • electrolyte discharge capacity
  • fuel cells
  • scavenging
  • zincates

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    Zhu, A. L., Duch, D., Roberts, G. A., Li, S. X. X., Wang, H., Duch, K., Bae, E., Jung, K. S., Wilkinson, D., & Kulinich, S. A. (2015). Increasing the electrolyte capacity of alkaline Zn-air fuel cells by scavenging zincate with Ca(OH)2. ChemElectroChem, 2(1), 134-142. https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201402251