Inflammation, lipid (per)oxidation and redox regulation

Irundika Dias, Ivana Milic, Christian Heiss, Opeyemi Stella Ademowo, M Cristina Polidori, Andrew Devitt, H R Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Significance: Inflammation increases during the aging process. It is linked to mitochondrial dysfunction and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Mitochondrial macromolecules are critical targets of oxidative damage; they contribute to respiratory uncoupling with increased ROS production, redox stress, and a cycle of senescence, cytokine production, and impaired oxidative phosphorylation. Targeting the formation or accumulation of oxidized biomolecules, particularly oxidized lipids, in immune cells and mitochondria could be beneficial for age-related inflammation and comorbidities. Recent Advances: Inflammation is central to age-related decline in health and exhibits a complex relationship with mitochondrial redox state and metabolic function. Improvements in mass spectrometric methods have led to the identification of families of oxidized phospholipids (OxPLs), cholesterols, and fatty acids that increase during inflammation and which modulate nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), activator protein 1 (AP1), and NF-κB redox-sensitive transcription factor activity. Critical Issues: The kinetic and spatial resolution of the modified lipidome has profound and sometimes opposing effects on inflammation, promoting initiation at high concentration and resolution at low concentration of OxPLs. Future Directions: There is an emerging opportunity to prevent or delay age-related inflammation and vascular comorbidity through a resolving (oxy)lipidome that is dependent on improving mitochondrial quality control and restoring redox homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-190
Number of pages25
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Issue number3
Early online date28 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

The final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers


  • anti-inflammatory
  • eicosanoids
  • metabolism
  • oxidized phospholipids
  • oxysterols
  • reactive oxygen species


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