Vacuum electron beam welding is widely employed for the welding of titanium alloys using different beam oscillation patterns. Since these patterns influence the physical phenomenon in the weld pool, its effect on the microstructure, texture, mechanical properties and residual stresses is of prime interest. In order to understand this influence, electron beam welding was used to prepare Ti-5Al-2.5Sn weldments using beam oscillations of triangular and rectangular waveform. It was observed that a change of welding pattern had a strong influence on the residual stresses, impact properties and texture of weld zone while tensile properties were not significantly affected. A partial martensitic transformation was observed in both the triangular and rectangular waveform of oscillations. An increase in alpha lathe width was observed in the fusion zone and similar strength of the rectangular pattern as compared to triangular pattern. Despite of this, the observed higher Vickers hardness of the fusion zone of rectangular pattern as compared to triangular and no-oscillation was attributed to texture strengthening using rectangular waveform.
|Journal||Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture|
|Early online date||20 Jul 2020|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 20 Jul 2020|