Influence of ethical beliefs, national culture and institutions on preferences for HRM in Oman

Anastasia A. Katou, Pawan S. Budhwar, Habte Woldu, Abdul B. Al-Hamadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose – The paper seeks to investigate the association between ethical beliefs, aspects of national culture and national institutions, and preferences for specific human resource management practices in the Sultanate of Oman.
Design/methodology/approach – A total of 712 individuals working in six organisations (both private and public sectors) responded to a self-administered questionnaire in the Sultanate of Oman. To test the raised research questions of the proposed framework, the methodology of structural equation models was used.
Findings – The results highlight significant differences in the belief systems on the basis of different demographic characteristics. The findings also confirm impact of ethical beliefs, and aspects of national culture and national institutions on preferences for human resource management (HRM) practices.
Research limitations/implications – Although the goodness-of-fit indexes confirmed the validity of the proposed operational model, some indices were attained at rather flexible levels.
Practical implications – Studies on managerial beliefs and values can offer important insights into the extent that work is viewed as an integral life activity. Such information can help differentiate among managerial styles in various cultures, and in predicting managerial behaviour such as ethical decision-making. Based on such understanding, the findings can be used to educate government officials and outside consultants interested in Oman.
Originality/value – The study contributes to the accumulation of knowledge about under-researched developing countries such as Oman, as limited data are available on HRM, value orientations and ethical beliefs' issues in this region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-745
Number of pages18
JournalPersonnel Review
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • human resource management
  • organizations
  • Oman
  • national cultures
  • beliefs
  • ethics


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