We develop the institutional configuration perspective to understand which national contexts facilitate social entrepreneurship (SE). We confirm joint effects on SE of formal regulatory (government activism), informal cognitive (postmaterialist cultural values), and informal normative (socially supportive cultural norms, or weak-tie social capital) institutions in a multilevel study of 106,484 individuals in 26 nations. We test opposing propositions from the institutional void and institutional support perspectives. Our results underscore the importance of resource support from both formal and informal institutions, and highlight motivational supply side influences on SE. They advocate greater consideration of institutional configurations in institutional theory and comparative entrepreneurship research.
Bibliographical noteCommons Attribution 3.0 Unported License
Ute Stephan gratefully acknowledges financial support from the European Commission, Socioeconomic Sciences and Humanities Grant Agreement 613500 (Seforїs project).
- comparative entrepreneurship
- cultural values
- institutional theory
- institutional void
- social capital
- social entrepreneurship