Integrated analytic hierarchy process and its applications: a literature review

William Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Due to its wide applicability and ease of use, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) has been studied extensively for the last 20 years. Recently, it is observed that the focus has been confined to the applications of the integrated AHPs rather than the stand-alone AHP. The five tools that commonly combined with the AHP include mathematical programming, quality function deployment (QFD), meta-heuristics, SWOT analysis, and data envelopment analysis (DEA). This paper reviews the literature of the applications of the integrated AHPs. Related articles appearing in the international journals from 1997 to 2006 are gathered and analyzed so that the following three questions can be answered: (i) which type of the integrated AHPs was paid most attention to? (ii) which area the integrated AHPs were prevalently applied to? (iii) is there any inadequacy of the approaches? Based on the inadequacy, if any, some improvements and possible future work are recommended. This research not only provides evidence that the integrated AHPs are better than the stand-alone AHP, but also aids the researchers and decision makers in applying the integrated AHPs effectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-228
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008


  • analytic hierarchy process
  • mathematical programming
  • quality function deployment
  • meta-heuristics
  • SWOT analysis
  • data envelopment analysis


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