Intracellular trafficking in neurones and glia of fibroblast growth factor-2, fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 and heparan sulphate proteoglycans in the injured adult rat cerebral cortex

W. E. Leadbeater*, A. M. Gonzalez, N. Logaras, M. Berry, J. E. Turnbull, A. Logan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The potent gliogenic and neurotrophic fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 signals through a receptor complex comprising high-affinity FGF receptor (FGFR)1 with heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPGs) as co-receptors. We examined the intracellular dynamics of FGF-2, FGFR1 and the HSPGs syndecan-2 and -3, glypican-1 and -2, and perlecan in neurones and glia in and around adult rat cerebral wounds. In the intact cerebral cortex, FGF-2 and FGFR1 mRNA and protein were constitutively expressed in astrocytes and neurones respectively. FGF-2 protein was localized exclusively to astrocyte nuclei. After injury, expression of FGF-2 mRNA was up-regulated only in astrocytes, whereas FGFR1 mRNA expression was increased in both glia and neurones, a disparity indicating that FGF-2 may act as a paracrine and autocrine factor for neurones and glia respectively. FGF-2 protein localized to both cytoplasm and nuclei of injury-responsive neurones and glia. There was weak or no staining of HSPGs in the normal cerebral neuropil and glia nuclei, with a few immunopositive neurones. Specific HSPGs responded to injury by differentially co-localizing with trafficked intracellular FGF-2 and FGFR1. The spatiotemporal dynamics of FGF-2-FGFR1-HSPG complex formation implies a role for individual HSPGs in regulating FGF-2 storage, nuclear trafficking and cell-specific injury responses in CNS wounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1189-1200
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume96
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2006

Keywords

  • Central nervous system injury
  • Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1
  • Fibroblast growth factor-2
  • Heparan sulphate proteoglycans
  • Nuclear trafficking

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