The potent gliogenic and neurotrophic fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 signals through a receptor complex comprising high-affinity FGF receptor (FGFR)1 with heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPGs) as co-receptors. We examined the intracellular dynamics of FGF-2, FGFR1 and the HSPGs syndecan-2 and -3, glypican-1 and -2, and perlecan in neurones and glia in and around adult rat cerebral wounds. In the intact cerebral cortex, FGF-2 and FGFR1 mRNA and protein were constitutively expressed in astrocytes and neurones respectively. FGF-2 protein was localized exclusively to astrocyte nuclei. After injury, expression of FGF-2 mRNA was up-regulated only in astrocytes, whereas FGFR1 mRNA expression was increased in both glia and neurones, a disparity indicating that FGF-2 may act as a paracrine and autocrine factor for neurones and glia respectively. FGF-2 protein localized to both cytoplasm and nuclei of injury-responsive neurones and glia. There was weak or no staining of HSPGs in the normal cerebral neuropil and glia nuclei, with a few immunopositive neurones. Specific HSPGs responded to injury by differentially co-localizing with trafficked intracellular FGF-2 and FGFR1. The spatiotemporal dynamics of FGF-2-FGFR1-HSPG complex formation implies a role for individual HSPGs in regulating FGF-2 storage, nuclear trafficking and cell-specific injury responses in CNS wounds.
- Central nervous system injury
- Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1
- Fibroblast growth factor-2
- Heparan sulphate proteoglycans
- Nuclear trafficking