Investigation of the coordinated functional activities of cytochrome P450 3A4 and P-glycoprotein in limiting the absorption of xenobiotics in Caco-2 cells

Christine D.H. Tran, Peter Timmins, Barbara R. Conway, William J. Irwin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The coordination of the functional activities of intestinal CYP3A4 and P-gp in limiting the absorption of xenobiotics in Caco-2 cells was investigated. Growing Caco-2 cells were exposed to increasing concentrations of doxorubicin (1-2 μM) in plastic flasks to encourage a subpopulation of cells, that displayed an intrinsically higher multidrug resistance (mdr) phenotype than the parent cells, to survive and grow. Doxorubicin-exposed (hereinafter referred to as type I cells) and nonexposed Caco-2 cells (parent cells) on collagen-coated inserts were also treated with either 0 (control) or 0.25 μM 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 to promote cellular CYP3A4 expression. Increased P-gp protein expression, as detected by Western blotting, was noted in type I cells (213±54.35%) compared to that of parent cells (100±6.05%). Furthermore, they retained significantly less [3H]vincristine sulphate (p<0.05), a P-gp substrate, after efflux (272.89±11.86 fmol/mg protein) than the parent cells (381.39±61.82 fmol/mg protein). The expression of CYP3A4 in parental cells after 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment was quantified to be 76.2±7.6 pmol/mg protein and comparable with that found in human jejunal enterocytes (70.0±20.0 pmol/mg protein). Type I cells, however, expressed a very low quantity of CYP3A4 both before and after the treatment that was beyond the minimum detection limit of Western blotting. Functionally, the rates of 1-hydroxylation of midazolam by CYP3A for both cell types ranged from 257.0±20.0 to 1057.0±46.0 pmol/min/mg protein. Type I cells, although having a higher P-gp expression and activity comparatively, metabolized midazolam less extensively than the parent cells. The results suggested that there were noncoordinated functional activities of intestinal CYP3A4 and P-gp in Caco-2 cells, although they both functioned independently to minimize intestinal epithelial absorption of xenobiotics. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. and the American Pharmaceutical Association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2002

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Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
Caco-2 Cells
P-Glycoprotein
Xenobiotics
Proteins
Calcitriol
Midazolam
Doxorubicin
Hydroxylation
Vincristine
Collagen
Western Blotting
Cells
Plastics
Enterocytes
Intestinal Absorption
Multiple Drug Resistance
Substrates
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Limit of Detection

Keywords

  • 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D
  • efflux
  • intestinal cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4)
  • intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp)
  • midazolam metabolism

Cite this

@article{425fc54168a0410da07af42835323eeb,
title = "Investigation of the coordinated functional activities of cytochrome P450 3A4 and P-glycoprotein in limiting the absorption of xenobiotics in Caco-2 cells",
abstract = "The coordination of the functional activities of intestinal CYP3A4 and P-gp in limiting the absorption of xenobiotics in Caco-2 cells was investigated. Growing Caco-2 cells were exposed to increasing concentrations of doxorubicin (1-2 μM) in plastic flasks to encourage a subpopulation of cells, that displayed an intrinsically higher multidrug resistance (mdr) phenotype than the parent cells, to survive and grow. Doxorubicin-exposed (hereinafter referred to as type I cells) and nonexposed Caco-2 cells (parent cells) on collagen-coated inserts were also treated with either 0 (control) or 0.25 μM 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 to promote cellular CYP3A4 expression. Increased P-gp protein expression, as detected by Western blotting, was noted in type I cells (213±54.35{\%}) compared to that of parent cells (100±6.05{\%}). Furthermore, they retained significantly less [3H]vincristine sulphate (p<0.05), a P-gp substrate, after efflux (272.89±11.86 fmol/mg protein) than the parent cells (381.39±61.82 fmol/mg protein). The expression of CYP3A4 in parental cells after 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment was quantified to be 76.2±7.6 pmol/mg protein and comparable with that found in human jejunal enterocytes (70.0±20.0 pmol/mg protein). Type I cells, however, expressed a very low quantity of CYP3A4 both before and after the treatment that was beyond the minimum detection limit of Western blotting. Functionally, the rates of 1-hydroxylation of midazolam by CYP3A for both cell types ranged from 257.0±20.0 to 1057.0±46.0 pmol/min/mg protein. Type I cells, although having a higher P-gp expression and activity comparatively, metabolized midazolam less extensively than the parent cells. The results suggested that there were noncoordinated functional activities of intestinal CYP3A4 and P-gp in Caco-2 cells, although they both functioned independently to minimize intestinal epithelial absorption of xenobiotics. {\circledC} 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. and the American Pharmaceutical Association.",
keywords = "1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, efflux, intestinal cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp), midazolam metabolism",
author = "Tran, {Christine D.H.} and Peter Timmins and Conway, {Barbara R.} and Irwin, {William J.}",
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Investigation of the coordinated functional activities of cytochrome P450 3A4 and P-glycoprotein in limiting the absorption of xenobiotics in Caco-2 cells. / Tran, Christine D.H.; Timmins, Peter; Conway, Barbara R.; Irwin, William J.

In: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 91, No. 1, 29.01.2002, p. 117-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigation of the coordinated functional activities of cytochrome P450 3A4 and P-glycoprotein in limiting the absorption of xenobiotics in Caco-2 cells

AU - Tran, Christine D.H.

AU - Timmins, Peter

AU - Conway, Barbara R.

AU - Irwin, William J.

PY - 2002/1/29

Y1 - 2002/1/29

N2 - The coordination of the functional activities of intestinal CYP3A4 and P-gp in limiting the absorption of xenobiotics in Caco-2 cells was investigated. Growing Caco-2 cells were exposed to increasing concentrations of doxorubicin (1-2 μM) in plastic flasks to encourage a subpopulation of cells, that displayed an intrinsically higher multidrug resistance (mdr) phenotype than the parent cells, to survive and grow. Doxorubicin-exposed (hereinafter referred to as type I cells) and nonexposed Caco-2 cells (parent cells) on collagen-coated inserts were also treated with either 0 (control) or 0.25 μM 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 to promote cellular CYP3A4 expression. Increased P-gp protein expression, as detected by Western blotting, was noted in type I cells (213±54.35%) compared to that of parent cells (100±6.05%). Furthermore, they retained significantly less [3H]vincristine sulphate (p<0.05), a P-gp substrate, after efflux (272.89±11.86 fmol/mg protein) than the parent cells (381.39±61.82 fmol/mg protein). The expression of CYP3A4 in parental cells after 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment was quantified to be 76.2±7.6 pmol/mg protein and comparable with that found in human jejunal enterocytes (70.0±20.0 pmol/mg protein). Type I cells, however, expressed a very low quantity of CYP3A4 both before and after the treatment that was beyond the minimum detection limit of Western blotting. Functionally, the rates of 1-hydroxylation of midazolam by CYP3A for both cell types ranged from 257.0±20.0 to 1057.0±46.0 pmol/min/mg protein. Type I cells, although having a higher P-gp expression and activity comparatively, metabolized midazolam less extensively than the parent cells. The results suggested that there were noncoordinated functional activities of intestinal CYP3A4 and P-gp in Caco-2 cells, although they both functioned independently to minimize intestinal epithelial absorption of xenobiotics. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. and the American Pharmaceutical Association.

AB - The coordination of the functional activities of intestinal CYP3A4 and P-gp in limiting the absorption of xenobiotics in Caco-2 cells was investigated. Growing Caco-2 cells were exposed to increasing concentrations of doxorubicin (1-2 μM) in plastic flasks to encourage a subpopulation of cells, that displayed an intrinsically higher multidrug resistance (mdr) phenotype than the parent cells, to survive and grow. Doxorubicin-exposed (hereinafter referred to as type I cells) and nonexposed Caco-2 cells (parent cells) on collagen-coated inserts were also treated with either 0 (control) or 0.25 μM 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 to promote cellular CYP3A4 expression. Increased P-gp protein expression, as detected by Western blotting, was noted in type I cells (213±54.35%) compared to that of parent cells (100±6.05%). Furthermore, they retained significantly less [3H]vincristine sulphate (p<0.05), a P-gp substrate, after efflux (272.89±11.86 fmol/mg protein) than the parent cells (381.39±61.82 fmol/mg protein). The expression of CYP3A4 in parental cells after 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment was quantified to be 76.2±7.6 pmol/mg protein and comparable with that found in human jejunal enterocytes (70.0±20.0 pmol/mg protein). Type I cells, however, expressed a very low quantity of CYP3A4 both before and after the treatment that was beyond the minimum detection limit of Western blotting. Functionally, the rates of 1-hydroxylation of midazolam by CYP3A for both cell types ranged from 257.0±20.0 to 1057.0±46.0 pmol/min/mg protein. Type I cells, although having a higher P-gp expression and activity comparatively, metabolized midazolam less extensively than the parent cells. The results suggested that there were noncoordinated functional activities of intestinal CYP3A4 and P-gp in Caco-2 cells, although they both functioned independently to minimize intestinal epithelial absorption of xenobiotics. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. and the American Pharmaceutical Association.

KW - 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D

KW - efflux

KW - intestinal cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4)

KW - intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp)

KW - midazolam metabolism

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