Investigation of two-wave mixing in arbitrary oriented sillenite crystals

E. Shamonina, G. Cedilnik, M. Mann, A. Kiessling, David J. Webb, R. Kowarschik, K.H. Ringhofer

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A generalized systematic description of the Two-Wave Mixing (TWM) process in sillenite crystals allowing for arbitrary orientation of the grating vector is presented. An analytical expression for the TWM gain is obtained for the special case of plane waves in a thin crystal (|g|d«1) with large optical activity (|g|/?«1, g is the coupling constant, ? the rotatory power, d the crystal thickness). Using a two-dimensional formulation the scope of the nonlinear equations describing TWM can be extended to finite beams in arbitrary geometries and to any crystal parameters. Two promising applications of this formulation are proposed. The polarization dependence of the TWM gain is used for the flattening of Gaussian beam profiles without expanding them. The dependence of the TWM gain on the interaction length is used for the determination of the crystal orientation. Experiments carried out on Bi12GeO20 crystals of a non-standard cut are in good agreement with the results of modelling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-56
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Physics B
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996


  • Two-Wave Mixing process
  • sillenite crystals
  • arbitrary orientation
  • grating vector
  • plane waves
  • thin crystal
  • optical activity


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