Is ICT key to development?

Roya Gholami, Dolores Añón Higón, Payam Hanafizadeh, Ali Emrouznejad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using panel data for 52 developed and developing countries over the period 1998-2006, this article examines the links between information and communication technology diffusion and human development. We conducted a panel regression analysis of the investments per capita in healthcare, education and information and communication technology against human development index scores. Using a quantile regression approach, our findings suggest that changes in healthcare, education and information and communication technology provision have a stronger impact on human development index scores for less developed than for highly developed countries. Furthermore, at lower levels of development education fosters development directly and also indirectly through their enhanced effects on ICT. At higher levels of development education has only an indirect effect on development through the return to ICT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-83
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Global Information Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010


  • human development index
  • information and communication technology
  • panel data
  • quantile regression


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