Is it possible to use interpretative phenomenological analysis in research with people who have intellectual disabilities?

John Rose*, Kulsoom Malik, Edward Hirata, Harry Roughan, Kirsty Aston, Michael Larkin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background: This paper examines the appropriateness of using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) in research with people who have intellectual disabilities, focussing on quality. Methods: We conducted a systematic search to identify published studies. We assessed the quality of the studies using a bespoke framework, adapted from previous reviews, and articles on indicators of “good” IPA work. Results: Twenty-eight papers were reviewed. The studies were of varying quality: 6 (22%) papers were rated as “good” quality; 16 (57%) were “acceptable”, and 6 (21%) were “poor.” This ratio was comparable to that found in assessments of IPA papers in other domains, suggesting that issues of quality reflect researcher competence, rather than challenges with the population. Conclusions: IPA can be an appropriate methodology to use with people with intellectual disabilities. We encourage researchers to develop more detailed analyses, to provide more transparency about their sampling strategies, and more detail of the characteristics of their samples.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Early online date29 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Apr 2019

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Rose, J, Malik, K, Hirata, E, Roughan, H, Aston, K, Larkin, M. Is it possible to use interpretative phenomenological analysis in research with people who have intellectual disabilities? J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2019; 00: 1– 11, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12605.  This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

Keywords

  • intellectual disabilities
  • interpretative phenomenological analysis
  • learning disabilities
  • qualitative research
  • quality

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