Is smoking a risk factor for AMD?

Richard A. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Abstract

This article is concerned specifically with the possible links between smoking and age related macular degeneration (AMD). It reviews the epidemiological and physiological evidence that smoking may be a risk factor for AMD, and describes the possible mechanisms by which smoking might contribute to the development of AMD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages42-45
Number of pages4
Volume2003
No.February
Specialist publicationOptometry Today
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2003

Keywords

  • smoking
  • age related macular degeneration
  • epidemiological evidence
  • physiological evidence

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