Key Factors of Opening Gated Community in Urban Area: A Case Study of China

Zezhou Wu, Lu Yang, Kexi Xu*, Jinming Zhang, Maxwell Fordjour Antwi-Afari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Gated communities are the most popular residential pattern in the urban areas of China. However, along with the increasing population density in urban areas, this pattern may have negative influences on people’s daily lives, such as traffic jams. To avoid the negative influences, the government has encouraged residents to open their gated communities; however, few positive actions have been taken. With this background, this study aims to explore the key factors in residents’ willingness to open their gated communities. To start with, a total of 26 potential factors were identified based on a comprehensive literature review. Then, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to collect empirical data. Furthermore, logistic regression was employed to analyze the collected data. Based on the derived results, it was revealed that concerns are different between male and female residents. Male residents regarded “community safety” and “property management” as having a significant impact on their decision to open a gated community, while female residents paid more attention to the factor of “proprietary equity”. The results of this study could provide valuable references that enable the government to better understand residents’ underlying concerns and to make relevant policy decisions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3401
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021 by the authors.
Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article
distributed under the terms and
conditions of the Creative Commons
Attribution (CC BY) license (https://

Funding: This research was conducted with the supports of Social Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province of China (grant number 19NDQN334YB), Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang
Province of China (grant number LQ18G030011) and MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project
of Humanities and Social Sciences (grant number 20YJC630174)


  • Gated community
  • Key factors
  • Logistic regression
  • Willingness


Dive into the research topics of 'Key Factors of Opening Gated Community in Urban Area: A Case Study of China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this