The effects of adding bromoform (CHBr3) as a potential chain transfer agent in the photopolymerisation of acrylamide (AM) in aqueous solution have been studied both in terms of influencing the rate of polymerisation and the molecular weight of the polyacrylamide (PAM) formed. Using 4,4′-azo-bis(4-cyanopentanoic acid) (ACPA) as photoinitiator, two different CHBr3 concentrations as chain transfer agent were compared: 0.5 and 2.0 mol % (relative to AM), the higher of which was determined by the limit of CHBr3 water solubility. The results showed that CHBr3 was an effective chain transfer agent that could regulate the molecular weight of the PAM formed without seriously affecting the polymerisation rate. It is concluded that chain transfer to CHBr3occurs by both Br and H atom transfer although Br transfer is the more favoured due to the weaker C-Br bond. Furthermore, Br transfer leads to Br-terminated chains in which the terminal C-Br bond can re-dissociate leading to re-initiation and re-propagation of the same chain, thereby maintaining the polymerisation rate. Continuing studies into how this mechanism can be exploited in order to synthesize water-soluble block copolymers of potential biomedical importance are currently in progress.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Chiang Mai Journal of Science|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Aug 2014|
Bibliographical noteThe Chiang Mai Journal of Science is an open access journal.
- chain transfer