Non-isothermal thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) at four heating rates of 10, 20, 30 and 40 K min−1 under oxidative atmosphere was employed to investigate the characteristics of microalgae residue oxidative pyrolysis. The double distributed activation energy model (DAEM) was used to analyze the oxidative pyrolysis kinetics of microalgae residue and the simulated annealing method was employed for the estimation of the model parameters. The results showed that the double DAEM could describe the kinetic experimental data of microalgae residue oxidative pyrolysis very well whilst the simulated annealing method was effective for determining the kinetic parameters of the double DAEM. The kinetic process of microalgae residue oxidative pyrolysis could be considered as two partially overlapped pseudo-sub-processes. The mean values of activation energy distributions were 179 and 259 kJ mol−1 for the first and second pseudo-sub-processes. The thermodynamic parameters of microalgae residue oxidative pyrolysis processes at the different heating rate were studied based on the obtained kinetic parameters.
- Distributed activation energy model (DAEM)
- Microalgae residue
- Simulated annealing method
- Thermochemical conversion