We sought to determine whether presence, amount and distribution of scar impacts the degree of acute hemodynamic response (AHR) with multisite pacing.
Multi-vein pacing (MVP) or multipolar pacing (MPP) with a multi-electrode left ventricular (LV) lead may offer benefits over conventional biventricular pacing in patients with myocardial scar.
In this multi-center study left bundle branch block patients underwent an hemodynamic pacing study measuring LV dP/dtmax. Patients had cardiac magnetic resonance scar imaging to assess the effect of scar presence, amount and distribution on AHR.
24 patients (QRS 171 ± 20 ms) completed the study (83% male). An ischemic etiology was present in 58% and the mean scar volume was 6.0 ± 7.0%. Overall discounting scar, MPP and MVP showed no significant AHR increase compared to an optimized “best BiV” (BestBiV) site. In a minority of patients (6/24) receiver-operator characteristic analysis of scar volume (cut off 8.48%) predicted a small AHR improvement with MPP (sensitivity 83%, specificity 94%) but not MVP. Patients with scar volume > 8.48% had a MPP-BestBiV of 3 ± 6.3% vs. −6.4 ± 7.7% for those below the cutoff. There was a significant correlation between the difference in AHR and scar volume for MPP-BestBiV (R = 0.49, p = 0.02) but not MVP-BestBiV(R = 0.111, p = 0.62). The multielectrode lead positioned in scar predicted MPP AHR improvement (p = 0.04).
Multisite pacing with MPP and MVP shows no AHR benefit in all-comers compared to optimized BestBiV pacing. There was a minority of patients with significant scar volume in relation to the LV site that exhibited a small AHR improvement with MPP.
© 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://