Length of hospital stay for elective electrophysiological procedures: a survey from the European Heart Rhythm Association

Giuseppe Boriani, Jacopo F Imberti, Francisco Leyva, Ruben Casado-Arroyo, Julian Chun, Frieder Braunschweig, Maura M Zylla, David Duncker, Michał M Farkowski, Helmut Pürerfellner, José L Merino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims: Electrophysiological (EP) operations that have traditionally involved long hospital lengths of stay (LOS) are now being undertaken as day case procedures. The coronavirus disease-19 pandemic served as an impetus for many centres to shorten LOS for EP procedures. This survey explores LOS for elective EP procedures in the modern era. Methods and results: An online survey consisting of 27 multiple-choice questions was completed by 245 respondents from 35 countries. With respect to de novo cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantations, day case procedures were reported for 79.5% of implantable loop recorders, 13.3% of pacemakers (PMs), 10.4% of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), and 10.2% of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices. With respect to CIED generator replacements, day case procedures were reported for 61.7% of PMs, 49.2% of ICDs, and 48.2% of CRT devices. With regard to ablations, day case procedures were reported for 5.7% of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablations, 10.7% of left-sided ablations, and 17.5% of right-sided ablations. A LOS ≥ 2 days for CIED implantation was reported for 47.7% of PM, 54.5% of ICDs, and 56.9% of CRT devices and for 54.5% of AF ablations, 42.2% of right-sided ablations, and 46.1% of left-sided ablations. Reimbursement (43–56%) and bed availability (20–47%) were reported to have no consistent impact on the organization of elective procedures. Conclusion: There is a wide variation in the LOS for elective EP procedures. The LOS for some procedures appears disproportionate to their complexity. Neither reimbursement nor bed availability consistently influenced LOS.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbereuad297
Number of pages8
Issue number10
Early online date4 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com


  • Ablation
  • Arrhythmia
  • EHRA Survey
  • Electrophysiology
  • Implantable defibrillator
  • Pacemaker


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