The process of binding of small ligands to dihydrofolate reductase protein has been investigated using all-atom molecular dynamics simulations. The existence of a mechanism that facilitates the search of the binding site by the ligand is demonstrated. The mechanism consists of ligand diffusing on the protein’s surface. It has been discussed in the literature before, but has not been explicitly confirmed for realistic molecular systems. The strength of this nonspecific binding is roughly estimated and found to be essential for the binding kinetics.
- small ligand binding
- protein ligand binding
- binding rate
- facilitated binding
- surface diffusion
- mycobacterium tuberculosis dihydrofolate reductase
Nerukh, D., Okimoto, N., Suenaga, A., & Taiji, M. (2012). Ligand diffusion on protein surface observed in molecular dynamics simulation. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 3(23), 3476–3479. https://doi.org/10.1021/jz301635h