Linking the SO2 emission of cement plants to the sulfur characteristics of their limestones: A study of 80 NSP cement lines in China

Tongsheng Zhang, Chang Wu, Bin Li, Jiawei Wang, Rasheeda Ravat, Xinzhi Chen, Jiangxiong Wei, Qijun Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In a properly operated new suspension preheater (NSP) cement line, the SO2 emission is mainly originated from sulfides in the raw meal, and limestone, occupying about 85% wt. of the raw meal, is the dominant sulfur source. However, the sulfur characteristics of limestones and then their influences on the SO2 emission have not been clarified yet. In the present study, 80 NSP cement lines with SO2 emission > 200 mg/Nm3 were recorded, the sulfur content and species as well as pyrite morphology of limestones were analyzed and then correlated to their resulting SO2 emission. The results show that the SO2 emission of stack gas increases linearly with the SO3 content of limestone used, and sulfates lead to a 50% reduction in SO2 emission relative to sulfides. Compared with average SO2 emission, euhedral pyrite leads to a slightly higher SO2 emission, whereas metasomatic pyrite results in a lower SO2 emission, which can be attributed to the effects of accompanying elements (Ti, F, K, and Al etc.) on the desulfurization reaction and clinkerization in the whole NSP cement line. The relationships proposed can be used to predict the SO2 emission based on the sulfur characteristics of limestone and to rationally utilize high-sulfur limestone in cement industry.
LanguageEnglish
Pages200-211
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume220
Early online date15 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2019

Fingerprint

Cement plants
Limestone
Cements
cement
Sulfur
sulfur
limestone
Pyrites
pyrite
Cement industry
Desulfurization
sulfide
China
Cement
Gases
sulfate

Bibliographical note

© 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Limestone
  • NSP cement line
  • Pyrite
  • SO emission
  • Sulfur characteristics

Cite this

Zhang, Tongsheng ; Wu, Chang ; Li, Bin ; Wang, Jiawei ; Ravat, Rasheeda ; Chen, Xinzhi ; Wei, Jiangxiong ; Yu, Qijun. / Linking the SO2 emission of cement plants to the sulfur characteristics of their limestones: A study of 80 NSP cement lines in China. In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019 ; Vol. 220. pp. 200-211.
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abstract = "In a properly operated new suspension preheater (NSP) cement line, the SO2 emission is mainly originated from sulfides in the raw meal, and limestone, occupying about 85{\%} wt. of the raw meal, is the dominant sulfur source. However, the sulfur characteristics of limestones and then their influences on the SO2 emission have not been clarified yet. In the present study, 80 NSP cement lines with SO2 emission > 200 mg/Nm3 were recorded, the sulfur content and species as well as pyrite morphology of limestones were analyzed and then correlated to their resulting SO2 emission. The results show that the SO2 emission of stack gas increases linearly with the SO3 content of limestone used, and sulfates lead to a 50{\%} reduction in SO2 emission relative to sulfides. Compared with average SO2 emission, euhedral pyrite leads to a slightly higher SO2 emission, whereas metasomatic pyrite results in a lower SO2 emission, which can be attributed to the effects of accompanying elements (Ti, F, K, and Al etc.) on the desulfurization reaction and clinkerization in the whole NSP cement line. The relationships proposed can be used to predict the SO2 emission based on the sulfur characteristics of limestone and to rationally utilize high-sulfur limestone in cement industry.",
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Linking the SO2 emission of cement plants to the sulfur characteristics of their limestones: A study of 80 NSP cement lines in China. / Zhang, Tongsheng; Wu, Chang; Li, Bin; Wang, Jiawei; Ravat, Rasheeda; Chen, Xinzhi; Wei, Jiangxiong; Yu, Qijun.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 220, 20.05.2019, p. 200-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Zhang, Tongsheng

AU - Wu, Chang

AU - Li, Bin

AU - Wang, Jiawei

AU - Ravat, Rasheeda

AU - Chen, Xinzhi

AU - Wei, Jiangxiong

AU - Yu, Qijun

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PY - 2019/5/20

Y1 - 2019/5/20

N2 - In a properly operated new suspension preheater (NSP) cement line, the SO2 emission is mainly originated from sulfides in the raw meal, and limestone, occupying about 85% wt. of the raw meal, is the dominant sulfur source. However, the sulfur characteristics of limestones and then their influences on the SO2 emission have not been clarified yet. In the present study, 80 NSP cement lines with SO2 emission > 200 mg/Nm3 were recorded, the sulfur content and species as well as pyrite morphology of limestones were analyzed and then correlated to their resulting SO2 emission. The results show that the SO2 emission of stack gas increases linearly with the SO3 content of limestone used, and sulfates lead to a 50% reduction in SO2 emission relative to sulfides. Compared with average SO2 emission, euhedral pyrite leads to a slightly higher SO2 emission, whereas metasomatic pyrite results in a lower SO2 emission, which can be attributed to the effects of accompanying elements (Ti, F, K, and Al etc.) on the desulfurization reaction and clinkerization in the whole NSP cement line. The relationships proposed can be used to predict the SO2 emission based on the sulfur characteristics of limestone and to rationally utilize high-sulfur limestone in cement industry.

AB - In a properly operated new suspension preheater (NSP) cement line, the SO2 emission is mainly originated from sulfides in the raw meal, and limestone, occupying about 85% wt. of the raw meal, is the dominant sulfur source. However, the sulfur characteristics of limestones and then their influences on the SO2 emission have not been clarified yet. In the present study, 80 NSP cement lines with SO2 emission > 200 mg/Nm3 were recorded, the sulfur content and species as well as pyrite morphology of limestones were analyzed and then correlated to their resulting SO2 emission. The results show that the SO2 emission of stack gas increases linearly with the SO3 content of limestone used, and sulfates lead to a 50% reduction in SO2 emission relative to sulfides. Compared with average SO2 emission, euhedral pyrite leads to a slightly higher SO2 emission, whereas metasomatic pyrite results in a lower SO2 emission, which can be attributed to the effects of accompanying elements (Ti, F, K, and Al etc.) on the desulfurization reaction and clinkerization in the whole NSP cement line. The relationships proposed can be used to predict the SO2 emission based on the sulfur characteristics of limestone and to rationally utilize high-sulfur limestone in cement industry.

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