Urea as a cheap reagent is very useful in preparation two-dimensional metal oxides with tunable crystal morphologies, while refluxing method is a simple route to control the decomposition of urea. Here, a low temperature refluxing in the presence of urea is developed to prepare porous Co3O4 as anode material for lithium-ion batteries. The self-assembly cobalt hydrotalcite-like compounds (Co-HLC) is firstly synthesized through refluxing the mixture of cobaltous nitrate and urea. After pyrolysis, the flower-like morphology of Co-HLC is successfully maintained in the final product of Co3O4. The ordered two-dimensional Co3O4 nanosheets provide good contact with electrolyte and stable porous structure during lithiation/delithiation. Co3O4-120 synthesized under refluxing temperature of 120 °C shows the initial charge capacities of 722 and 741 mAh g−1 at the 2nd and 100th cycle under 100 mA g−1. Moreover, Co3O4-120 as electrode for a supercapacitor presents excellent capacitance, 167 F g−1 after 3000 cycles at 1 A g−1. Under 5, 10 and 20 A g−1, Co3O4-120 electrode delivers 128, 104 and 90 F g−1, respectively. The porous structure in Co3O4 with enhanced electrochemical performance indicates low temperature refluxing preparation is an applicable and energy-saved method to synthesize transitional metal oxide with tunable crystal morphologies.
Bibliographical note© 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
- anode materials
- electrochemical performance
- hydrotalcite-like compounds
- lithium-ion batteries
- metal oxide
Lu, Z., Ding, J., Lin, X., Liu, Y., Ye, H., Yang, G., Yin, F., & Yan, B. (2017). Low-temperature synthesis of two-dimensional nanostructured Co3O4 and improved electrochemical properties for lithium-ion batteries. Powder Technology, 309, 22–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2016.12.081