We studied the structural and functional alterations of SERCA in rats suffering from adjuvant arthritis (AA). AA was induced by intradermal administration of Mycobacterium butyricum (MB) to the base of the tail of Lewis rats. Injury of SERCA from skeletal muscles of AA rats was analyzed on days 7, 14, 21 and 28 after MB injection. Neither fragmentation, aggregation of SERCA protein, alterations in SH groups, nor oxidation of phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylethanolamines in SR vesicles were observed in animals with AA. The only ROS/RNS modification was increased formation of nitrotyrosine. The
activity of SERCA from AA animals decreased on day 21 after MB injection and was associated with a significant increase of protein carbonyls in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In contrast, on day 28 an increase of SERCA activity was observed and protein carbonyl level reversed to control level. Concerning kinetic parameters, maximum reaction velocity (Vmax) decrease and increase was observed with respect to both substrates (Ca, ATP) on days 21 and 28, respectively, suggesting possible conformational changes of the enzyme. These changes were not associated with alterations in nucleotide binding site situated in cytosol, but rather with tryptophan fluorescence intensity ratio (cytosol/membrane) related to the transmembrane domain of SERCA. Elevated SERCA activity on day 28 was caused by its higher expression. Acidic phospholipids (PA), probably present in SR of AA rats, may contribute to the elevation of Ca-ATPase activity, as PA administration in vitro increased this activity.
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Abstract published online in Abstracts, Free Radical Research, 43(s1) p.S40.
- mechanism of serca modulation
- adjuvant arthritis