Microcrystalline Cellulose from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches as Filler in Polylactic Acid

M.k. Mohamad Haafiz, Azman Hassan, Reza Arjmandi, Zainoha Zakaria, M.m. Marliana, Muhammad I. Syakir, M.r. Nurul Fazita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Acid hydrolysis method was used to isolate microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) total chlorine free bleached pulp. The derived MCC was incorporated into polylactic acid (PLA) using solution casting technique in order to produce PLA/MCC composites. The chemical structure of the cellulose fragments remains unaltered as demonstrated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy despite acid hydrolysis. X-ray diffraction showed that the MCC has a cellulose I polymorph with 87% crystallinity index. The addition of MCC into PLA enhanced not only the thermal stability but also the Young's modulus of the PLA/MCC composites by approximately 30% at 5 phr MCC contents compared to pure PLA. However a decrease in tensile strength and elongation at break of the PLA/MCC composites were observed due to the poor dispersion of MCC in the PLA matrix
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-680
JournalPolymers and Polymer Composites
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

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Palm oil
Fruits
Fillers
Cellulose
Acids
Hydrolysis
Composite materials
microcrystalline cellulose
poly(lactic acid)
Bleached pulp
Chlorine
Polymorphism
Elongation
Casting
Thermodynamic stability
Tensile strength
Elastic moduli
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
X ray diffraction

Cite this

Haafiz, M. K. M., Hassan, A., Arjmandi, R., Zakaria, Z., Marliana, M. M., Syakir, M. I., & Fazita, M. R. N. (2016). Microcrystalline Cellulose from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches as Filler in Polylactic Acid. Polymers and Polymer Composites, 24(9), 675-680. https://doi.org/10.1177/096739111602400901
Haafiz, M.k. Mohamad ; Hassan, Azman ; Arjmandi, Reza ; Zakaria, Zainoha ; Marliana, M.m. ; Syakir, Muhammad I. ; Fazita, M.r. Nurul. / Microcrystalline Cellulose from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches as Filler in Polylactic Acid. In: Polymers and Polymer Composites. 2016 ; Vol. 24, No. 9. pp. 675-680.
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Microcrystalline Cellulose from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches as Filler in Polylactic Acid. / Haafiz, M.k. Mohamad; Hassan, Azman; Arjmandi, Reza; Zakaria, Zainoha; Marliana, M.m.; Syakir, Muhammad I.; Fazita, M.r. Nurul.

In: Polymers and Polymer Composites, Vol. 24, No. 9, 01.11.2016, p. 675-680.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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