Methods: During 2001–2, we enrolled 3042 adults without CVD from the general population of Attica, Greece. In 2011–2, the 10-year study follow-up was performed, recording the CVD incidence in 1958 participants with baseline body mass index (BMI) ≥18.5 kg/m2.
Results: The study 10-year CVD incidence was 15.8%, exhibiting a gradual increase according to the baseline body mass index (BMI) category. Baseline BMI ≥30 kg/m2 was related with significantly higher 10-year CVD risk compared to BMI <25 kg/m2, even after adjustment for age and other known CVD risk factors. Baseline BMI, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio and waist-to-hip-to-height ratio were independently associated with the 10-year CVD risk in multi-adjusted models. Gender-specific analyses showed that these associations were more evident in men compared to women, with baseline BMI exhibiting an independent association with the 10-year CVD incidence in men.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that even simple anthropometric indices exhibit independent associations with CVD risk in a representative sample of the Greek general population without previous CVD.
|Journal||Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews|
|Early online date||3 Jun 2017|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 3 Jun 2017|
Bibliographical note© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
- anthropometric indices
- cardiovascular disease
- body mass index
- waist circumference