Here we demonstrate the first application of time-resolved synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy to simultaneously follow dynamic nanoparticle surface restructuring and the evolution of surface and gas-phase products during an organic reaction. Surface palladium oxide, and not metal, is identified as the catalytic species responsible for the selective oxidation (selox) of crotyl alcohol to crotonaldehyde. Elevated reaction temperatures facilitate reversible nanoparticle redox processes, and concomitant catalytic selectivity loss, in response to reaction conditions. These discoveries highlight the importance of stabilizing surface palladium oxide and minimizing catalyst reducibility in order to achieve high selox yields, and will aid the future design of Pd-derived selox catalysts. This discovery has important implications for the design of future liquid and vapor phase selox catalysts, and the thermochemical behavior of Pd nanostructures in general.
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|Event||242nd ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Denver, CO, United States|
Duration: 28 Aug 2011 → 1 Sept 2011