Native Web Communication Protocols and Their Effects on the Performance of Web Services and Systems

Nitin Naik, Paul Jenkins, Philip Davies, David Newell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputConference publication

Abstract

Native Web communication protocols are the pivotal components of Web services, applications and systems. In particular, HTTP is a de facto protocol standard used in almost all Web services and systems. Consequently, it is one of the crucial protocols responsible for the performance of Web services and systems. HTTP/1.1 has been successfully deployed in Web services and systems for the last two decades. However, one of the most significant issues with HTTP/1.1 is the Round Trip Time and Web latency. To resolve this issue, two successor protocols SPDY and HTTP/2 have been developed recently, with some studies suggesting that SPDY improved the performance of Web services and systems, whilst some did not find significant improvements in the performance. HTTP/2 is a relatively new protocol and has yet to be tested with any rigour. Therefore, it is important to investigate the effects of these two enhanced protocols SPDY and HTTP/2 on the performance of Web services and systems. This paper conducts a number of practical investigations to evaluate the performance of Web services and systems with and without the support of SPDY and HTTP/2 protocols at the client and server. This study investigates the impact of SPDY and HTTP/2 on the overall performance of Web services and systems from the end-user's perspective.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT)
PublisherIEEE
Pages219-225
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-4314-9
ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-4315-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2017
Event2016 IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT) - Nadi, Fiji
Duration: 8 Dec 201610 Dec 2016

Conference

Conference2016 IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT)
CountryFiji
CityNadi
Period8/12/1610/12/16

Bibliographical note

© 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Keywords

  • Web Protocols
  • Web Services
  • Web Applications,
  • Web Systems
  • Web Latency
  • Round Trip Time
  • HTTP
  • SPDY
  • HTTP/2
  • HTTP/1.1
  • SOAP
  • REST

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