Negotiating ethnicity, class, and gender: German associational culture in Glasgow 1864-1914

Stefan Manz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


One feature of nineteenth-century German migrant communities was a dense network of religious and secular ethnic institutions in virtually all destination countries. The article is a microhistorical study of a representative German community in Britain. Ethnic institutions in Glasgow included two protestant congregations and a variety of associations fostering sociability, culture and philanthropy. The institutions served as a platform to negotiate questions of ethnicity, class and gender. They were mostly financed by a small elite within the German business community which, in turn, used them to exercise power and confirm social stratification. In the pre-war years, ethnic life was increasingly permeated by nationalism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-170
Number of pages25
JournalImmigrants and Minorities
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2013


  • business community
  • ethnic associations
  • Germans
  • Glasgow
  • nationalism


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