We demonstrate a low noise bidirectional broadband distributed Raman pumping scheme combining dual order co-propagated pumps without increasing the signal RIN level. The noise performance improvement is compared experimentally and numerically with conventional counter-pumping only and bidirectional pumping with only a 2nd order co-pump for a 70nm bandwidth and 61.5km distributed Raman amplifier. The proposed broadband pumping scheme shows 1.2dB maximum noise figure improvement and extends the long-haul transmission reach up to 6150km with a Q-factor improvement of ~0.7dB compared with counter-pumping only scheme.
Bibliographical noteCopyright: 2017, Optical Society of America. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modifications of the content of this paper are prohibited.
Funder: FP7 ITN programme ICONE (No. 608099), UK EPSRC programme grants EP/J017582/1 (UNLOC), EP/M009092/1 (ToM3) and Spanish grant TEC-2015-71127-C2-1-R(ANOMALOS).
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Noise and transmission performance improvement of broadband distributed Raman amplifier using bidirectional Raman pumping with dual order co-pumps
Iqbal, M. A., Tan, M., Krzczanowicz, L., El-Taher, A., Forysiak, W., Ania-Castañón, J. D., & Harper, P. (2017). Noise and transmission performance improvement of broadband distributed Raman amplifier using bidirectional Raman pumping with dual order co-pumps. Optics Express, 25(22), 27533-27542. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.027533