The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using shear wave elastography (SWE) to indirectly measure passive muscle force and to examine the effects of muscle mass and scan angle. We measured the Young's moduli of 24 specimens from six muscles of four swine at different passive muscle loads under different scan angles (0°, 30°, 60° and 90°) using SWE. Highly linear relationships between Young's modulus E and passive muscle force F were found for all 24 muscle specimens at 0o scan angle with coefficients of determination R2 ranging from 0.984 to 0.999. The results indicate that the muscle mass has no significant effect on the muscle E–F relationship, whereas E–F linearity decreases disproportionately with increased scan angle. These findings suggest that SWE, when carefully applied, can provide a highly reliable tool to measure muscle Young's modulus, and could be used to assess the muscle force quantitatively.
|Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
|Early online date
|3 Nov 2018
|Published - 1 Feb 2019