Nonlinear Fourier Spectrum Characterization of Time-Limited Signals

Dmitry Shepelsky, Anastasiia Vasylchenkova*, Jaroslaw E. Prilepsky, Iryna Karpenko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Addressing the optical communication systems employing the nonlinear Fourier transform (NFT) for the data modulation/demodulation, we provide an explicit proof for the properties of the signals emerging in the so-called $b$ -modulation method, the nonlinear signal modulation technique that provides explicit control over the signal extent. We present details of the procedure and related rigorous mathematical proofs addressing the case where the time-domain profile corresponding to the $b$ -modulated data has a limited duration, and when the bound states corresponding to specifically chosen discrete solitonic eigenvalues and norming constants, are also present. We also prove that the number of solitary modes that we can embed without violating the exact localisation of the time-domain profile, is actually infinite. Our theoretical findings are illustrated with numerical examples, where simple example waveforms are used for the $b$ -coefficient, demonstrating the validity of the developed approach. We also demonstrate the influence of the bound states on the noise tolerance of the b-modulated system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8993706
Pages (from-to)3024-3032
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number5
Early online date11 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2020

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  • b-modulation
  • coherent communications
  • inverse scattering
  • nonlinear Fourier transform
  • Optical fibre communication
  • optical solitons


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