Novel input-output prediction approach for biomass pyrolysis

Chun Hsion Lim*, Isah Yakub Mohammed, Yousif Abdalla Abakr, Feroz Kabir Kazi, Suzana Yusup, Hon Loong Lam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Biomass pyrolysis to bio-oil is one of the promising sustainable fuels. In this work, relation between biomass feedstock element characteristic and pyrolysis process outputs was explored. The element characteristics considered in this study include moisture, ash, fix carbon, volatile matter, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulphur. A semi-batch fixed bed reactor was used for biomass pyrolysis with heating rate of 30 °C/min from room temperature to 600 °C and the reactor was held at 600 °C for 1 h before cooling down. Constant nitrogen flow rate of 5 L/min was provided for anaerobic condition. Rice husk, Sago biomass and Napier grass were used in the study to form different element characteristic of feedstock by altering mixing ratio. Comparison between each element characteristic to total produced bio-oil yield, aqueous phase bio-oil yield, organic phase bio-oil yield, higher heating value of organic phase bio-oil, and organic bio-oil compounds was conducted. The results demonstrate that process performance is associated with feedstock properties, which can be used as a platform to access the process feedstock element acceptance range to estimate the process outputs. Ultimately, this work evaluated the element acceptance range for proposed biomass pyrolysis technology to integrate alternative biomass species feedstock based on element characteristic to enhance the flexibility of feedstock selection.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
VolumeIn press
Early online date6 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 May 2016

Fingerprint

pyrolysis
Feedstocks
Biomass
Pyrolysis
oil
biomass
prediction
Nitrogen
heating
Carbon
nitrogen
carbon
Heating rate
mixing ratio
anoxic conditions
Coal ash
Oils
Oil
Prediction
Moisture

Bibliographical note

© 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • biomass element characteristic
  • element targeting
  • element acceptance range
  • fixed-bed pyrolysis

Cite this

Lim, C. H., Mohammed, I. Y., Abakr, Y. A., Kazi, F. K., Yusup, S., & Lam, H. L. (2016). Novel input-output prediction approach for biomass pyrolysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.04.141
Lim, Chun Hsion ; Mohammed, Isah Yakub ; Abakr, Yousif Abdalla ; Kazi, Feroz Kabir ; Yusup, Suzana ; Lam, Hon Loong. / Novel input-output prediction approach for biomass pyrolysis. In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2016 ; Vol. In press.
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Lim, CH, Mohammed, IY, Abakr, YA, Kazi, FK, Yusup, S & Lam, HL 2016, 'Novel input-output prediction approach for biomass pyrolysis', Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.04.141

Novel input-output prediction approach for biomass pyrolysis. / Lim, Chun Hsion; Mohammed, Isah Yakub; Abakr, Yousif Abdalla; Kazi, Feroz Kabir; Yusup, Suzana; Lam, Hon Loong.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. In press, 06.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mohammed, Isah Yakub

AU - Abakr, Yousif Abdalla

AU - Kazi, Feroz Kabir

AU - Yusup, Suzana

AU - Lam, Hon Loong

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