In this paper, we have numerically and experimentally investigated the radiation mode of 45° tilted fiber grating (45° TFG). By introducing the axial distributions into the volume current method, we have established a three-dimensional theoretical model to analyze spatial distributions of the radiation mode of 45° TFG, and measured the radiation mode spatial distributions in experiment. Both numerical and experimental results show that the radiation mode of 45° TFG exhibits an exponential reduction along the fiber axial direction, and a quasi-Gaussian profile along the radial direction of fiber. Additionally, we have also measured the detailed polarization-dependent azimuthal intensity distributions of radiation modes of both s-and p-polarized core modes. The degree of polarization of radiation mode is around 99.886%, which is independent of the length and the polarization extinction ratio of the grating. Moreover, for the first time, we have experimentally observed a very weak p-polarized component existing in the radiation mode, which has matched well with the simulation results.
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- Exponential distribution
- fiber gratings
- fiber optics