Numerical modeling of holmium-doped fluoride fiber lasers

Jianfeng Li, Laércio Gomes, Stuart D. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We combine all the known experimental demonstrations and spectroscopic parameters into a numerical model of the Ho3+ -doped fluoride glass fiber laser system. Core-pumped and cladding-pumped arrangements were simulated for all the population-bottlenecking mitigation schemes that have been tested, and good agreement between the model and the previously reported experimental results was achieved in most but not in all cases. In a similar way to Er3+ -doped fluoride glass fiber lasers, we found that the best match with measurements required scaled-down rate parameters for the energy transfer processes that operate in moderate to highly concentrated systems. The model isolated the dominant processes affecting the performance of each of the bottlenecking mitigation schemes and pump arrangements. It was established that pump excited-state absorption is the main factor affecting the performance of the core-pumped demonstrations of the laser, while energy transfer between rare earth ions is the main factor controlling the performance in cladding-pumped systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)596-607
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2012


  • fiber lasers
  • fluoride glass
  • holmium lasers


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