We propose a nonlinear Landweber method for the inverse problem of locating the brain tumour source (origin where the tumour formed) based on well-established models of reaction–diffusion type for brain tumour growth. The approach consists of recovering the initial density of the tumour cells starting from a later state, which can be given by a medical image, by running the model backwards. Moreover, full three-dimensional simulations are given of the tumour source localization on two types of data, the three-dimensional Shepp–Logan phantom and an MRI T1-weighted brain scan. These simulations are obtained using standard finite difference discretizations of the space and time derivatives, generating a simple approach that performs well.
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- Inverse problems
- landweber method
- mathematical biology
- medical imaging
- nonlinear parabolic equations
- reaction–diffusion equations
- three-dimensional simulations of brain tumour growth