This paper details the influence of the nature of imposed inflow fluctuations on Large Eddy Simulations of a spatially developing turbulent mixing layer originating from laminar boundary layers. A simulation with imposed white-noise random fluctuations, commonly used in numerical simulations, produces mean-flow statistics that agree well with reference experimental data. Whilst flow visualisation images show evidence for streamwise vorticity in this simulation, quantitative statistics do not reveal the presence of statistically stationary streamwise vortices. A further simulation that uses physically-correlated inflow fluctuations also produces good mean-flow statistical agreement with reference data. From secondary shear stress contours it can be inferred that this simulation does, however, predict the presence of statistically stationary streamwise vortices. The properties of the streamwise vortices are in good agreement with experimental data. The data presented here indicate that, even for initially laminar conditions, plane mixing layer simulations require accurate physically correlated inflow conditions in order to reproduce the flow features found experimentally.
|International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
|Published - Jun 2016