Optical modulators with 2D layered materials

Zhipei Sun*, Amos Martinez, Feng Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Abstract

Light modulation is an essential operation in photonics and optoelectronics. With existing and emerging technologies increasingly demanding compact, efficient, fast and broadband optical modulators, high-performance light modulation solutions are becoming indispensable. The recent realization that 2D layered materials could modulate light with superior performance has prompted intense research and significant advances, paving the way for realistic applications. In this Review, we cover the state of the art of optical modulators based on 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus. We discuss recent advances employing hybrid structures, such as 2D heterostructures, plasmonic structures, and silicon and fibre integrated structures. We also take a look at the future perspectives and discuss the potential of yet relatively unexplored mechanisms, such as magneto-optic and acousto-optic modulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-238
Number of pages12
JournalNature Photonics
Volume10
Issue number4
Early online date31 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Fingerprint

Light modulation
light modulation
Light modulators
modulators
Magnetooptical effects
hybrid structures
Graphite
magneto-optics
acousto-optics
Silicon
Optoelectronic devices
Photonics
Phosphorus
Graphene
Transition metals
Heterojunctions
phosphorus
emerging
Optics
graphene

Bibliographical note

Funding: EU's 7FP (REA grant agreement No. 631610); Academy of Finland (No.:276376, 284548), TEKES (OPEC); Teknologiateollisuus TT-100; Nokia foundation; Aalto University; H2020 Marie-Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship scheme; United States National Science Foundation (EFMA-1542741).

Keywords

  • mode-locked lasers
  • nonlinear optics
  • optical properties and devices
  • optoelectronic devices and components

Cite this

Sun, Zhipei ; Martinez, Amos ; Wang, Feng. / Optical modulators with 2D layered materials. In: Nature Photonics. 2016 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 227-238.
@article{dbce5faed9274eeb95adc2443dea8fe5,
title = "Optical modulators with 2D layered materials",
abstract = "Light modulation is an essential operation in photonics and optoelectronics. With existing and emerging technologies increasingly demanding compact, efficient, fast and broadband optical modulators, high-performance light modulation solutions are becoming indispensable. The recent realization that 2D layered materials could modulate light with superior performance has prompted intense research and significant advances, paving the way for realistic applications. In this Review, we cover the state of the art of optical modulators based on 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus. We discuss recent advances employing hybrid structures, such as 2D heterostructures, plasmonic structures, and silicon and fibre integrated structures. We also take a look at the future perspectives and discuss the potential of yet relatively unexplored mechanisms, such as magneto-optic and acousto-optic modulation.",
keywords = "mode-locked lasers, nonlinear optics, optical properties and devices, optoelectronic devices and components",
author = "Zhipei Sun and Amos Martinez and Feng Wang",
note = "Funding: EU's 7FP (REA grant agreement No. 631610); Academy of Finland (No.:276376, 284548), TEKES (OPEC); Teknologiateollisuus TT-100; Nokia foundation; Aalto University; H2020 Marie-Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship scheme; United States National Science Foundation (EFMA-1542741).",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1038/nphoton.2016.15",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "227--238",
journal = "Nature Photonics",
issn = "1749-4885",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "4",

}

Sun, Z, Martinez, A & Wang, F 2016, 'Optical modulators with 2D layered materials', Nature Photonics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 227-238. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2016.15

Optical modulators with 2D layered materials. / Sun, Zhipei; Martinez, Amos; Wang, Feng.

In: Nature Photonics, Vol. 10, No. 4, 04.2016, p. 227-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optical modulators with 2D layered materials

AU - Sun, Zhipei

AU - Martinez, Amos

AU - Wang, Feng

N1 - Funding: EU's 7FP (REA grant agreement No. 631610); Academy of Finland (No.:276376, 284548), TEKES (OPEC); Teknologiateollisuus TT-100; Nokia foundation; Aalto University; H2020 Marie-Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship scheme; United States National Science Foundation (EFMA-1542741).

PY - 2016/4

Y1 - 2016/4

N2 - Light modulation is an essential operation in photonics and optoelectronics. With existing and emerging technologies increasingly demanding compact, efficient, fast and broadband optical modulators, high-performance light modulation solutions are becoming indispensable. The recent realization that 2D layered materials could modulate light with superior performance has prompted intense research and significant advances, paving the way for realistic applications. In this Review, we cover the state of the art of optical modulators based on 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus. We discuss recent advances employing hybrid structures, such as 2D heterostructures, plasmonic structures, and silicon and fibre integrated structures. We also take a look at the future perspectives and discuss the potential of yet relatively unexplored mechanisms, such as magneto-optic and acousto-optic modulation.

AB - Light modulation is an essential operation in photonics and optoelectronics. With existing and emerging technologies increasingly demanding compact, efficient, fast and broadband optical modulators, high-performance light modulation solutions are becoming indispensable. The recent realization that 2D layered materials could modulate light with superior performance has prompted intense research and significant advances, paving the way for realistic applications. In this Review, we cover the state of the art of optical modulators based on 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus. We discuss recent advances employing hybrid structures, such as 2D heterostructures, plasmonic structures, and silicon and fibre integrated structures. We also take a look at the future perspectives and discuss the potential of yet relatively unexplored mechanisms, such as magneto-optic and acousto-optic modulation.

KW - mode-locked lasers

KW - nonlinear optics

KW - optical properties and devices

KW - optoelectronic devices and components

UR - http://www.nature.com/nphoton/journal/v10/n4/full/nphoton.2016.15.html

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84963611435&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nphoton.2016.15

DO - 10.1038/nphoton.2016.15

M3 - Book/Film/Article review

AN - SCOPUS:84963611435

VL - 10

SP - 227

EP - 238

JO - Nature Photonics

JF - Nature Photonics

SN - 1749-4885

IS - 4

ER -