Organising the innovation process: complementarities in innovation networking

James H. Love, Stephen Roper, Giovanni Mangiarotti

Research output: Preprint or Working paperWorking paper


This paper contributes to the developing literature on complementarities in organisational design. We test for the existence of complementarities in the use of external networking between phases of the innovation process in a sample of UK and German manufacturing plants. Our evidence suggests some differences between the UK and Germany in terms of the optimal combination of innovation activities in which to implement external networking. Broadly, there is more evidence of complementarities in the case of Germany, with the exception of the product engineering phase. By contrast, the UK exhibits generally strong evidence of substitutability in external networking in different phases, except between the identification of new products and product design and development phases.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherAston University
Number of pages25
ISBN (Print)1-85449-662-X
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

Publication series

NameAston Business School research papers
PublisherAston University

Bibliographical note

Aston Business School Research Papers are published by the Institute to bring the results of research in progress to a wider audience and to facilitate discussion. They will normally be published in a revised form subsequently and the agreement of the authors should be obtained before referring to its contents in other published works.


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