Oxidation of protein in human low-density lipoprotein exposed to peroxyl radicals facilitates uptake by monocytes; protection by antioxidants in vitro

Sarah Aldred, Helen R. Griffiths*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Generation of neoepitopes on apolipoprotein B within oxidised low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is important in the unregulated uptake of LDL by monocytic scavenger receptors (CD36, SR-AI, LOX-1). Freshly isolated LDL was oxidised by peroxyl radicals generated from the thermal decomposition of an aqueous azo-compound. We describe that formation of carbonyl groups on the protein component is early as protein oxidation was seen after 90min. This is associated with an increased propensity for LDL uptake by U937 monocytes. Three classes of antioxidants (quercetin, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and ascorbic acid) have been examined for their capacity to inhibit AAPH-induced protein oxidation, (protein carbonyls, Δ electrophoretic mobility and LDL uptake by U937 monocytes). CD36 expression was assessed by flow cytometry and was seen to be unaltered by oxidised LDL uptake. All three classes were effective antioxidants, quercetin (P<0.01), ascorbic acid (P<0.01), DHEA (P<0.05). As LDL protein is the control point for LDL metabolism, the degree of oxidation and protection by antioxidants is likely to be of great importance for (patho)-physiological uptake of LDL by monocytes. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Volume15
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • ascorbic acid
  • dehydroepiandrosterone
  • free radical
  • LDL
  • lipoprotein oxidation
  • quercetin

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